MAPS combines the elementary content planning areas of an airport operator in an integrated overall planning model. In this way, factual relationships between the planning areas can be made comprehensible and the consequences of specific determinations or decisions from one area can be made visible for all other planning areas. Each airport operator is ultimately faced with the same fundamental issues that should be consistently answered as part of a business planning cycle. The issues exemplified below for each planning area are covered by the MAPS planning models.
The core area “Traffic” includes all planning contents that deal with the development of the sales potential or sales volume of an airport. Transport planning will determine all market volume factors relevant to the planning of the airport, both aviation and ground-based air traffic. Due to the large amounts of data and the complex data structures of the traffic statistics underlying the traffic statistics, the modules “MAPS Traffic Analysis (Traffic Analysis)” and “MAPS Traffic Forecast (Traffic Forecast)” were systematically separated from each other.
- Which global and regional trends or which driving market forces are behind the development of aviation at the location?
- How will air traffic demand develop in the short and long term?
- How will traffic be distributed over time, how will peak traffic develop?
- When will growth be expected for air traffic from capacity bottlenecks?
- How is the air and land-based ground handling activity developing?
The core area “Capacities” comprises all planning content that deals with the development of the two most important production factors of an airport, namely the personnel capacities and the plant and equipment capacities. The core area “Capacities” has been divided into the core modules “Personnel Capacities” and “Capacities”. Both core modules are based on the results of traffic planning and map the future capacity requirements assuming certain quality criteria. Based on the capacity requirement profiles, the expected investment requirements and the resulting, operative operating costs are determined. Thus, by far the greater part of the operating costs of an airport operator can be directly linked to the traffic volume and thus made plausible.
- What personnel capacities will we need in our core business segments in the short, medium or long term?
- Which development of the personnel-related operating costs is to be expected?
- How long will it take for our plant capacities, which expansion stages should we aim for?
- What will be the investments for the individual expansion phases?
- Which plant-related operating costs can be expected as a result of the investment program?
Just as with the processing of traffic data, in the area of capacity planning there was also a separation between the analysis and preparation of the basic data (module “MAPS Personnel Analysis” or “MAPS Asset Analysis”) and the forecast of the capacity requirements (module “MAPS Human Capacity”) “MAPS Asset Capacity”). The third core area for planning an airport is the depiction of the financial development of the company. For this purpose, the core area of ”finance” was created, which includes the development of all financial indicators, such as financial statements. the revenues and costs, the profit and loss account, the assets and liabilities and the cash flows of the airport operator.
The monetary budget calculations are based on the results of traffic planning as well as on the results of capacity planning, which depict the most important volume development factors. In this way, all essential information for assessing the monetary effects of traffic development and the resulting capacity requirements can be determined and translated into corresponding financing concepts.How are revenues and costs, operating results and balance sheet structure developing?
- How is “Free Operating Cashflow” developing, or when are financing gaps expected?
- How do we finance the individual lead projects or the investment program as a whole?
- How are the earnings and financial contributions of the individual business segments and business segments developing?
- How are the financial strength and the creditworthiness of the individual sub-companies and the entire group developing?
The fourth core area “Environment” deals with the direct and indirect effects of air traffic around the airport. In this context, the core module “MAPS Economic Factor” deals with the macroeconomic effects (added value, jobs and taxation) of the airport at national and regional level and the core module “MAPS Impact Forecast” with the environmentally relevant consequences of aviation (noise, pollutants) in the airport immediate surroundings of the airport. Also in these subject areas, the analysis data can be separated from the forecast data.How is the airport developing as a business location as a whole?
- What added-value, job and tax effects are induced in the region by flight operations?
- Which noise and pollutant emissions arise from the growth of air traffic?
- How does a macroeconomic balance sheet of advantages and disadvantages of aviation develop for the business and tourism location?
- What is in the public interest, what burdens does the airport have to bear as a company?